Immigration Law comprises of the rules and requirements governing the rights of foreign nationals who wish to enter the UK for any reason.
It is an area of law that has grown substantially as people have become more globally mobile.
A points based system is used called a ‘Tier System’ to manage migration for migrants who want to study or work in the UK.
Tier 1 includes general, entrepreneur, innovator and post study workers. Tier 2 is job offer and has four categories including general, intra-company transfers, sportspeople and ministers of religion. Tier 4 is immigration for students and tier 5 is temporary workers.
People who want to come to the UK to visit, work, study or claim asylum will be required to apply under the relevant category.
Immigration lawyers deal with all relevant legal matters that relate to immigration and nationality. Work ranges from asylum, human rights claims and applications.
Work can include defending and preventing deportation and obtaining a work visa for a specified period of time.
Different immigration lawyers will specialise in different categories, these tend to include family, business, work, study visas, deportation and removal, visit visas, appeals and challenging decisions, EEA applications and asylum/humanitarian protection. Due to the changes in EU law and human rights issues it is a complex and detailed area of law.
If people are living illegally in the UK they can apply for leave to remain by making an application via an immigration specialist or solicitor.
The UK immigration act of 2016 includes sanctions on illegal working, prevention of illegal migrants accessing services and new measures to enforce immigration laws.
Solicitors can deal with appeals for people who have had a negative decision from the home office. Cases can be taken to The Supreme Court and European Court of Human Rights.